Overall, around 7, deported prisoners went to their deaths during or because of these experiments also considering human trials other than previously quoted ones. At the end of the war several physicians were charged with war crimes in two trials Nuremberg and Dachau , and those found guilty were sentenced to death, or years of imprisonment. Some of them, including the notorious Josef Mengele, succeeded in escaping capture and being brought to justice. Thanks to these trials, partial light has been shed on these crimes, which not infrequently had children as designated victims, selected with excruciating cruelty in special segregation sections.
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Heinrich Himmler. Moreover, it is worth noting that also physicians who were not part of the SS corps collaborated in the above experiments on human guinea pigs: these included military personnel belonging to the Wehrmacht, academic physicians from German universities, and researchers who worked in some German pharmaceutical industries, such as IG Farben, Bayer and Boehring.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Didn't get the message? The research on twins, which Mengele directed, was designed to investigate the effect of numerous bacteria, chemicals and viruses on the human body.
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Frequently, the Nazis decided that to complete the research it was necessary to kill both twins so that doctors could conduct autopsies and then compare the differences between the two. Some of those experiments involved injecting concentration camp inmates with toxic chemicals and germs known to cause diseases in order to test the effectiveness of various drugs manufactured by Bayer.plaseplilepar.ml
Pseudo-medical experiments in Hitler’s concentration camps
Moreover, the suit asserts that Bayer, which at the time was part of the giant IG Farben chemical conglomerate, bought concentration camp inmates from the Nazis for use in conducting its own experiments. Indianapolis attorney Richard E. Shevitz, one of the lead lawyers in the case, said that archives found at Auschwitz after the war and academic research done since then provided information that is the undergirding of the case.
In addition to Shevitz, lawyers on the case include Erwin B.
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Sturman and Barry A. Kor and her twin sister, Miriam, who were born in Transylvania in , were 9 when they were brought to Auschwitz.
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Over 1, victims were used in these experiments. Many died and others suffered severe pain and permanent disability. Mustard Gas Experiments to investigate the most effective treatment of wounds caused by Mustard gas. Wounds deliberately inflicted on the victims were infected with Mustard gas.
Some of the victims died as a result of these experiments and others suffered intense pain and injury. Sulfanilamide Experiments to investigate the effectiveness of sulfanilamide. Wounds deliberately inflicted on the victims were infected with bacteria such as streptococcus, gas gangrene, and tetanus. Circulation of blood was interrupted by tying off blood vessels at both ends of the wound to create a condition similar to that of a battlefield wound. Infection was aggravated by forcing wood shavings and ground glass into the wounds. The infection was treated with sulfanilamide and other drugs to determine their effectiveness.
Many victims died as a result of these experiments and others suffered serious injury and intense agony. Spotted Fever Typhus Experiments to investigate the effectiveness of spotted fever and other vaccines. Numerous victims were deliberately infected with spotted fever virus in order to keep the virus alive - over 90 percent of the victims died as a result.
Experiments with Poison to investigate the effect of various poisons upon human beings. The poisons were secretly administered to the victims in their food. The victims died as a result of the poison or were killed immediately in order to permit autopsies. In or about September the victims were shot with poison bullets and suffered torture and death. Fifteen defendants were found guilty, and eight were acquitted. Of the 15, seven were given the death penalty and eight imprisoned.
Herta Oberheuser, the doctor who had rubbed crushed glass and sawdust into the wounds of her subjects, was the only female defendant in the medical trial. She received a 20 year sentence but was released in April and became a family doctor at Stocksee in Germany. Her license to practice medicine was revoked in Karl Brandt was one of the 15 defendants found guilty of war crimes at the Doctors Trial.
He was executed June 2, at Landsberg prison in Bavaria. Carl Clauberg was put to trial in the Soviet Union and sentenced to 25 years. Upon returning he held a press conference and boasted of his scientific work at Auschwitz. After survivor groups protested, Clauberg was finally arrested in but died in August , shortly before his trial should have started.
Despite international efforts to track him down, Josef Mengele was never apprehended and lived for 35 years hiding under various aliases.
He lived in Paraguay and Brazil until his death in